Churches and pagodas were a central feature of some of the heaviest fighting in Indochina, mainly because they were often the only substantial buildings in an area.
So, what did Vietnamese churches and pagodas actually look like ?
Here's the answer...
Phat Diem cathedral
Another Church in Phat Diem.
The church in Qui Nonh.
A fortified church in Tay Ap.
A typical Tonkin pagoda.
Sometimes, though, they also looked like this... a Catholic pagoda in Phat Diem.